Vacuum tubes

Tube related articles by Emilio Ciardiello

Tube related articles by Emilio Ciardiello

12AU7: the true history of the first noval tube

- A survey of Italian tube manufacturers

- British radar tubes, part 1 – Gridded power tubes

- British radar tubes, part 2 – Microwave tubes *** work in progress…

- Heil tubes or Heil oscillators

- Klystron tubes:

- Magnetron tubes

Selenium rectifiers: life and failures - It is customary today to replace selenium rectifiers in old sets, but most of them was designed for a superior life span.

- Subminiature tubes in computers - subminiature tubes played a significant role in the design of compact and lightweight equipment.

- The Trochotron, Beam Switch Counter- A survey of electron counters and Nixie displays.

- TWT and BWO tubes - A family of microwave amplifiers and oscillators.

- Vibrotron and Ramberg sensors, ***work in progress

 External articles

- Technical publications

- Anodyne, anode-dynode beam-deflection amplifier, from Electronics, Aug. 1955

- Binary adder tube, from Electronics, Sept. 1955

- Canal-ray tube to investigate the ether, Electronics, June 1938

- EMI klystron survey

- Heaters: Effect of filament voltage upon vacuum tube characteristics

- Ignitron applications, GE ETI-108

- Klystron UHF high-power with tantalum cathode by Varian, Electronics Oct. 1951

- Magnetron oscillators, by G. R. Kilgore

- Magnetrons, split-anode: chapter.23 from Very High Frequency Techniques, McGraw-Hill

- The Cavity Magnetron: Not Just a British Invention, by Y. Blanchard, G. Galati and P. van Genderen

- The High-Power Pulsed Magnetron: a Review of Early Developments, by E. Megaw

- The Magnetron as Generator of Centimeter Waves, by Fisk, Hagstrum and Hartmen

- Plasmatron, a controllable gas diode from Electronics

- Platinotron, X-band power amplifier, from Electronics

- Protection of power tubes against flash-over and arcing

- QK329, Raytheon analog multiplier, from Electronics, Feb. 1955

- RCA Electron Tube Design, 1962 (large pdf file, lots of construction details)

- Reliability of Ground Equipment, Henney 1956

- Sylvania: Ceramic mount tubes for automated assembly, Electronics, Aug. 1954

- UHF tubes of small dimensions, RCA 1933

- Transmitters for frequencies above 300 Mc, by Lindenblad, Proc. I.R.E. Sep. 1933

- Tube operation with zero anode power



- Burroughs – Beam Switching Application Notes, ETM-149

- ELSI / ELTEL, Elettronica Sicula, Italy, by Emilio Ciardiello

- FIVRE, Catalogo tubi trasmittenti 1973

- GE Cermet tubes and MCMs: Performances and Application Notes

- GE Cermet tubes: Reliability Reports

- GE Microwave Circuit Module (MCM) data

- GE Planar tubes, lighthouse and oil can types, bulletin ETX-110

- GE VTM, Voltage Tuned Magnetrons

- Marconi Italiana, Officine Marconi Genova

- Philips Amplification by Secondary Emission, Aug. 1939

- REL – Canada, by Emilio Ciardiello

- Sylvania Catalog of Rocket Tubes

- Shunguang tube catalog

- The ‘B’ gaseous rectifier and Raytheon, by Emilio Ciardiello-


ASE News

No. 1, April 2018


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